The fact that up to 81 million people in the world suffer from chronic hunger isIt suggests that the food system, the network for producing and processing food and delivering it to consumers, does not meet the needs of most societies... Therefore, strengthening the food system and providing food to the poorest people is the key to achieving zero hunger.
Defects and disruptions in the food system affect food security in many ways. Prices will rise, making it difficult for the poorest to buy nutritious food, and small farmers will not be able to fully benefit from their crops.
Food system disruptions are associated with issues related to climate change and globalization, as well as conflicts and conflicts.I may be doing it. Even in a stable situationInadequate communication, transportation and storage facilities, dysfunction of commercial markets, inequalityFor example, people’s ability to obtain the food they need may be limited.
WFP For the United Nations World Food Program (UN WFP), the food system is not an abstract concept. With experience in purchasing and distributing food in 80 countries around the world, we understand the main challenges facing the food system. It looks like this:
- Last mile problem: The majority of the poor, who suffer from hunger, are geographically, economically, socially and politically isolated and out of reach of support. Even if you get nutritious food, it’s often too expensive.
- Problems with “year of poor harvest” or “season of poor harvest”: In poor crops, or in poor months between harvests, poor families, both urban and rural, do not have the resources to get the food they need and eat less or eat less to deal with it. You have to take harmful measures such as eating a low nutritional diet.
- The problem of “year of good harvest” : Even a good harvest may have some downsides. Inadequate capacity to store, market and transport surplus food reduces food prices and quality. Farmers cannot sell their products at high prices when demand is highest, food is wasted or spoiled, and market prices fluctuate wildly.
These three problems areWomen tend to be more susceptibleIt is in. Women also have limited access to assets and services and may be excluded from the decision-making process.
Due to the nature of the activities of the United Nations WFP, our partnerships, programs and capacities span the entire food system, especially in the areas of “mediation” where food is transported, stored, processed, processed, wholesaled and retailed. It is demonstrating.
The size and scope of our business has great potential to address systematic issues that disrupt the food system. For example, the Kakuma and Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya leverage the purchasing power of the United Nations WFP and consumer demand generation through cash benefits to address supply chain inefficiencies and provide the highest value to refugees and host communities. It has been realized.
Other examples of UN WFP interventions that have a positive impact on the food system are local school meals (Home Grown School Meals) that connect small local farmers to the supply chain of school meal programs, and communities produced locally. Fortification Initiative to make foods with high nutritional value available, infrastructure development and restoration in exchange for food and cash support, strengthening of public food stocks, credit provision and capacity building, to the market There is support for small-scale farmers through facilitating access to.