We asked each political party about the ratio of female candidates and their opinions on the quota system for the upper house election on July 10.
Photo: Rio Nishiyama
545 people ran for the Upper House election, which will be voted on July 10, and of these,The number of female candidates is 181 which is the highest everIt is reported that it became.Among all candidatesThe percentage of female candidates is also a record high of 33.2%have become.
On the other hand, it is also true that women are still minorities in the Diet.
In 2018, ask political parties to equalize the number of male and female candidates as much as possible“Gender Equality Promotion Law in the Political Field” (Candidate Gender Equality Law)Has been enforced.
Furthermore, in December 2020, the government approved the “Fifth Basic Plan for Gender Equality” by the Cabinet.“By 2025, 35% of women will be candidates for national elections.”We have set a goal to be.
However, even though half of the House of Councilors is re-elected every three years, that goal was not reached in this House of Councilors election.
The introduction of a quota system is currently under discussion to correct this gender gap. The quota system is one of the positive action methods, and it is a system that allocates a certain number of people and ratios based on gender.
Business Insider Japan conducted a survey of nine major political parties that have candidates for the Upper House election. I asked about the pros and cons of the quota system. The following is a summary of the answer results.
The pros and cons of the quota system and the number and ratio of female candidates to all candidates in the Upper House election. The ratio of female candidates is rounded down to the second decimal place.
Image: Created by Business insider Japan based on the results of the questionnaire.
As a result of the questionnaire, those who answered “yes” to the quota systemConstitutional Democratic Party, Komeito Party, Communist Party, Reiwa Shinsengumi, Social Democratic Party..On the other hand, those who answered “No”Liberal Democratic Party, Nippon Ishin no Kai, NHK Partywas.
Of the political parties that respondedThe Liberal Democratic Party, the Nippon Ishin no Kai, and the NHK Party did not meet the government’s target of “35%” for the ratio of female candidates by 2025. Both are in opposition to the quota system.
Below are the answers from all political parties (bold letters and headings are from the editorial department, and party names are abbreviated).
The ratio of female parliamentarians is 168th out of 190 countries
Source: Gender Equality Bureau, Cabinet Office (March 10, 4th year of Reiwa “Recent Movements in Gender Equality”) * The red frame is from the editorial department.
According to the “Recent Movements in Gender Equality” released by the Gender Equality Bureau of the Cabinet Office in March 2022, the ratio of female members is 9.7% in the House of Representatives and 23.1% in the House of Councilors. The result is 14.3% in total for both houses.
The ratio of female members of the House of Representatives (9.7%) is 168th out of 190 countries in the world, and even if the total of the House of Representatives and the House of Councilors is compared, Japan’s ranking remains at 149th.
Source: Cabinet Office Gender Equality Bureau (March 10, 4th year of Reiwa “Recent Movements in Gender Equality”)
(Sentence, Rio Nishiyama)